Short and sweet: Mitochondria are located inside our cells and take in glucose and oxygen from the food we take in daily. They produce energy, packaged as molecules of so-called ATP (adenosine triphosphate). This process is essential for our health, well-being, and longevity and is known as cellular respiration. Some cells have several thousand mitochondria, while others have none. On the one hand, muscle cells, On the one hand, muscle cells, for example, need a lot of energy, so they have thousands of mitochondria. On the other hand, neurons (cells that transmit nerve impulses) don’t need as many.
Now in more detail #
Several chemical reactions occur when the endproducts from the digestion find their way into the cell. Some of the energy contained in the products we consume incorporates into ATP (adenosine triphosphate). You can see this as a multi-layered and reoccurring recycling process.
Mitochondria are tiny, often only between 0.75 and 3 micrometers and have two membranes with each membrane having different functions:
- Outer membrane: Small molecules can pass through
- Intermembrane space: Area between the inner and outer membranes
- Inner membrane: Impenetrable membrane, ATP is created here
- Cristae: Folds of the inner membrane, increase the space available for chemical reactions
- Matrix: This is the space within the inner membrane. Mitochondrial DNA is here.
Keeping mitochondria healthy is essential for cells to work optimally. And isn’t that what we as biohackers crave most? When cells perform well, our tissue is healthier. And when our tissue is healthier, we enjoy better health and performance. When mitochondria are not functioning efficiently, they lose their energy-producing capacity; a higher number of free radicals escapes and causes damage to the cell, which can lead to early cell death. Research over recent years is indicating that the health of mitochondria is very much lifestyle and diet-dependent. Excessive consumption of sugary foods and beverages or lack of exercise are all factors shown to reduce mitochondrial efficiency, and more free radicals leak out into the cell. By participating in regular exercise, daily consumption of the right nutrients, avoidance of sugary foods, control of appetite, and avoiding smoking, anyone can boost their mitochondria. Also, biohacks such as intermittent fasting and red-light therapy have shown to be lifestyle changes that support your mitochondrial health and bring it to the NEXT LEVEL. We use both techniques and see it as the perfect primer for a balanced and long life. I mean, hey, we’ll be 200, how about you?
Apart from the effects mentioned above, mitochondria play an essential role in the aging process and the onset of degenerative disease. Aging is the progressive deterioration of cellular function caused by the accumulation of cellular damage. Nine characteristics of aging have been identified by science, and mitochondrial dysfunction is named as one of them.